MySQL远程连接速度慢的解决方案

PHP远程连接MYSQL速度慢,有时远程连接到MYSQL用时4-20秒不等,本地连接MYSQL正常,出现这种问题的主要原因是,默认安装的MYSQL开启了DNS的反向解析,在MY.INI(WINDOWS系统下)或MY.CNF(UNIX或LINUX系统下)文件的[mysqld]下加入skip-name-resolve这一句。
[mysqld]
skip-name-resolve
skip-grant-tables

这样速度就快了!

skip-name-resolve

选项就能禁用DNS解析,连接速度会快很多。不过,这样的话就不能在MySQL的授权表中使用主机名了而只能用ip格式。

若使用–skip-grant-tables系统将对任何用户的访问不做任何访问控制,但可以用 mysqladmin flush-privileges或mysqladmin reload来开启访问控制;默认情况是show databases语句对所有用户开放,

如果mysql服务器没有开远程帐户,就在my.ini里面加上skip-grant-tables

附,请根据情况开放

skip-name-resolve 一般我们只要这一项便可以
skip-grant-tables

相关文档:
How MySQL uses DNS

When a new thread connects to mysqld, mysqld will spawn a new thread to handle the request. This thread will first check if the hostname is in the hostname cache. If not the thread will call gethostbyaddr_r() and gethostbyname_r() to resolve the hostname.

If the operating system doesn’t support the above thread-safe calls, the thread will lock a mutex and call gethostbyaddr() and gethostbyname() instead. Note that in this case no other thread can resolve other hostnames that is not in the hostname cache until the first thread is ready.

You can disable DNS host lookup by starting mysqld with –skip-name-resolve. In this case you can however only use IP names in the MySQL privilege tables.

If you have a very slow DNS and many hosts, you can get more performance by either disabling DNS lookop with –skip-name-resolve or by increasing the HOST_CACHE_SIZE define (default: 128) and recompile mysqld.

You can disable the hostname cache with –skip-host-cache. You can clear the hostname cache with FLUSH HOSTS or mysqladmin flush-hosts.

If you don’t want to allow connections over TCP/IP, you can do this by starting mysqld with –skip-networking.

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